netflix-swot-analysis

Netflix SWOT Analysis In A Nutshell

Netflix is among the most popular streaming platforms, with a subscription-based business model. The brand, platform, and content are strengths. The volatility of content licensing and production are weaknesses. The streaming market is a potential blue ocean. The inability to attract and retain premium members and its fixed long-term costs are threats to its business model.

Strengths

binge-watching
Binge-watching is the practice of watching TV series all at once. In a speech at the Edinburgh Television Festival in 2013, Kevin Spacey said: “If they want to binge then we should let them binge.” This new content format would be popularized by Netflix, launching its TV series all at once.
  • Brand: Netflix has become one of the stranger consumers brands of our times, and one of the digital business models, who reached the status of a tech giant. This is a crucial ingredient for Netflix’s success, as Hollywood moved to Silicon Valley.
  • Platform: The content on the platform, combined with Netflix algorithms for content recommendation makes it among the stickiest tech platforms, where members spend hours binge-watching.
  • Content: Netflix’s selection and production of content also make it among the platforms with a wide variety. The content is both licensed and produced by Netflix.

Read more: Binge-Watching And The Netflix Effect

Weaknesses

is-netflix-profitable
Netflix is a profitable company, which net profits were $5.1 billion in 2021. Growing from $2.7 billion in 2020. The company runs a negative cash flow business model, where it anticipates the costs of content development and licensing through the platform. Those costs get amortized over the years, as subscribers stick to the platform.

Content licensing:

Netflix runs a subscription-based business model where, in the past, content got licensed to make it available on the platform. The licensing agreement makes Netflix pay in advance for content that will be available on the platform for the millions of premium members to watch. This means that Netflix has to make sure to have at each time a wide variety of content to make its value proposition compelling for the premium members. This also results in a cash-flow negative financial model, where the company has to anticipate content licensing fees to make the platform running in the first place.

Content production

For a few years, Netflix also started to invest in producing its own content. While in the long-term this will make Netflix business model less reliant on licensed content, in the short-term (3-5 years) it still poses substantial strains on the company’s liquidity and ability to expand.

Read more: Is Netflix Profitable?

Opportunities

  • Blue ocean: the streaming market is still in its infancy, and the next wave might open up to new formats, and therefore larger and less competitive markets, for those able to grab them. Netflix is well-positioned for that.

Threats

  • Inability to attract and retain members: if Netflix will not effectively attract new users. And retained existing premium members, the negative cash-flow platform might incur substantial losses and shrink its business.
  • Piracy-based video offerings: piracy services, even though illegal, still represent a big threat as it becomes hard to track and keep up with them. This poses a serious threat to the overall Netflix business model.
  • Fixed cost of content commitments: as already highlighted, content licensing is key to the Netflix business model, yet it also represents a weakness. In the long-term, that also represents a threat- That’s because Netflix has to enter multi-year commitments with content providers, part of which are noncancelable. So if part of that content will end up unused on the platform, Netflix will still pay for it.

Read nextNetflix Business ModelNetflix Profitability, SWOT Analysis, Amazon SWOT Analysis

Related to Netflix Business Model

netflix-business-model
Netflix is a subscription-based business model making money with three simple plans: basic, standard, and premium, giving access to stream series, movies, and shows. Leveraging on a streaming platform, Netflix generated over $29.6 billion in 2021, with an operating income of over $6 billion and a net income of over $5 billion. 
netflix-licensed-vs-produced-content
netflix-content-arbitrage-multiple
In order for Netflix to keep its business model healthy over the years, it needs to keep investing in content, which the company needs to be able to monetize. Therefore, the Content Arbitrage Multiple is a ratio made of Revenues/Content Investments, which tells us the ability of the company to generate revenues for the content investments performed. For instance, in 2021, the Content Arbitrage Multiple was 2.4x. Indeed, on the $29.7 billion of total revenues in 2021, Netflix had invested over $12.2 billion in content. This was a 5% growth compared to a Content Arbitrage Multiple of 2.3x in 2020.
netflix-competitors
Netflix is the largest streaming video subscription service in the world. Created by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph in 1997, the company has revolutionized the video content subscription model with over 139 million subscribers in 190 countries. The success of Netflix is due to two factors. The first is a recommendation system that gives suggestions on what customers should watch based on their viewing history. The second is the vast catalog of content on offer – produced by third parties and by Netflix itself. These factors have resulted in Netflix competing against influential TV networks and film producers for viewership.
coopetition
Coopetition describes a recently modern phenomenon where organizations both compete and cooperate, which is also known as cooperative competition. A recent example is how the Netflix streaming platform has been among the major customers of Amazon AWS cloud infrastructure, while Amazon Prime has been among the competitors of the Netflix Prime content platform.

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SWOT Analysis Case Studies

McDonald’s SWOT Analysis

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Nike SWOT Analysis

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Samsung SWOT Analysis

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Samsung was founded in South Korea in 1938 by Lee Byung-Chul. Originally a trading company, it took Samsung 22 years to become the fully-fledged electronics company that most people recognize today. Indeed, the company is a leader in technological innovation through telecommunications, electronics, and home appliances.

Costco SWOT Analysis

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Costco is a large American multinational corporation with a focus on low-cost, membership-only retail warehouse clubs. Costco is the 4th largest retail operator in the world, operating 785 warehouses in 10 different countries. Indeed, it has enjoyed rapid success growing from zero to $3 billion in sales within six years.

Walmart SWOT Analysis

walmart-swot-analysis
From humble beginnings just over 50 years ago, Walmart has grown to become the world’s largest retail company. A single small discount store in Arkansas has now expanded to over 11,000 stores in 28 countries. Some reports suggest that the company now makes $1.8 million of profit every hour.

Uber SWOT Analysis

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Headquartered in San Francisco, California, Uber started as a peer-to-peer ridesharing platform. In more recent times, the company has moved into food delivery, rental cars, and bike-sharing. In one form or another, Uber now has a presence in over 900 cities worldwide.

Disney SWOT Analysis

disney-swot-analysis
It would be hard to argue the case for a more recognizable entertainment brand than Disney. Disney is of course synonymous with Walt Disney, but it was Walt and his brother Roy who started the company in 1923 in Burbank, California. Disney content is now broadcast on over 100 channels in 34 different languages across the globe.

Coca-Cola SWOT Analysis

coca-cola-swot-analysis
Coca-Cola is the market leader of the soft drink industry. It is also the most widely recognized brand, with a Business Insider study revealing that a staggering 94% of the world population recognizes the red and white logo. However, Coca-Cola faces significant challenges with increasingly health-conscious consumers and less access to water resources.

Ford SWOT Analysis

ford-swot-analysis
Founded in 1903 by Henry Ford and is the fifth-largest family-owned company in the world. Ford is a globally recognized brand in the automotive industry for a couple of reasons. First, Henry Ford is well-known as the inventor of the production line and thus the modern automobile industry. Today, Ford has also maintained relevance as the seventh-largest car manufacturer worldwide, selling a range of passenger cars, trucks, and vans.

Tesco SWOT Analysis

tesco-swot-analysis
Tesco was founded in 1919 by Jack Cohen, as a small group of market stalls. After rapid expansion in the following years, the company became the largest retailer in the UK and is now the second-largest in the world. To put their dominance into perspective, consider that Tesco serves around 66 shoppers per second across 7000 retails stores, delivering approximately $180,000 worth of sales every minute.

Nestlé SWOT Analysis

nestle-swot-analysis
Nestlé is a large multinational food and beverage manufacturer with more than 2000 brands spread across 197 countries. Some of Nestlé’s well-known brands include Nescafe, Kit-Kat, Purina, Aero, Butterfinger, Maggi, and Haagen-Dazs. Originally a producer of infant food in 1867, it is now considered to be the world’s largest food manufacturer.

Amazon SWOT Analysis

amazon-swot-analysis
Amazon is among the most diversified business model in the tech industry. The company is well-positioned to dominate e-commerce further. And while its online stores have tight profit margins, Amazon still unlocks cash for growth, while consolidating its dominance in the cloud and grabbing new opportunities like voice.

Facebook SWOT Analysis

facebook-swot-analysis
Facebook, with its products, with its strong appeal, and consumer brand has a solid business model, threatened in the last years by privacy concerns, which open up the way to potential regulation to break up the company. If that will not happen, Facebook will have the chance to expand to define other markets like VR.

Starbucks SWOT Analysis

swot-analysis-of-starbucks
Starbucks is a global consumer brand with direct distribution, recognized brands, and products that make it a viable business. Its reliance on the Americas as a primary operating segment makes it a weakness. At the same time, Starbucks faces risks related to coffee beans price volatility. Yet the company still has global expansion opportunities.

Tesla SWOT Analysis

tesla-swot-analysis
Among the most recognized car manufacturers, Tesla is valued more than the combined market capitalization of GM and Ford. While the company’s direct distribution is a strength, its lack of financial viability is a weakness. Competition is a future threat. However, if Tesla defines a new market for car manufacturing its potential growth will be massive.

Netflix SWOT Analysis

netflix-swot-analysis
Netflix is among the most popular streaming platforms, with a subscription-based business model. The brand, platform, and content are strengths. The volatility of content licensing and production are weaknesses. The streaming market is a potential blue ocean. Inability to attract and retain premium members, and its fixed long-term costs are threats to its business model.

Apple SWOT Analysis

apple-swot-analysis
Apple can leverage a strong consumer brand and set of successful products as a strength. Yet the company is still too reliant on the iPhone as a primary revenue stream. Though Apple is working to open up new markets as an opportunity, it has to make sure to sustain its stores’ sales.

Google SWOT Analysis

google-swot-analysis
Google’s strength is its strong consumer brand. The company is grabbing new opportunities by opening up industries like voice search and consolidating in industries like the cloud. As a weakness, its revenues primarily come from advertising. A primary threat is the quick change of search and potential intervention by regulators.

Read Next: SWOT Analysis, Personal SWOT Analysis.

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