who-owns-meta

Who Owns Meta?

Facebook, rebranded as Meta in 2021, is primarily owned by Mark Zuckerberg, founder, and CEO. Zuckerberg keeps tight control over the ownership and decision-making of the company. Other large individual shareholders comprise former COO Sheryl Sandberg and co-founder Eduardo Saverin. Large institutional investors include BlackRock, Vanguard, and Fidelity.

AspectDescriptionAnalysisExamples
Products and ServicesMeta offers a wide range of products and services in the fields of social networking, augmented and virtual reality, and technology innovation. Key products include the Facebook platform (including Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, and Messenger), Oculus VR headsets for virtual reality experiences, the Workplace by Facebook platform for enterprise collaboration, and the development of the metaverse, a virtual shared space for immersive experiences.Meta’s product portfolio encompasses social networking platforms like Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, and Messenger, which connect billions of users globally. Oculus VR headsets provide immersive virtual reality experiences. Workplace by Facebook targets enterprise collaboration. The company’s vision extends to the development of the metaverse, a virtual shared space for immersive and interconnected experiences. Meta’s products and services cater to individual users, businesses, and future metaverse initiatives.Social networking platforms (e.g., Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Messenger), Oculus VR headsets for immersive virtual reality, Workplace by Facebook for enterprise collaboration, development of the metaverse for immersive interconnected experiences.
Revenue StreamsMeta generates revenue primarily through advertising. Advertisers pay to display ads on its social networking platforms, targeting users based on demographics and interests. The company also earns income from virtual reality hardware sales (Oculus), subscription fees (e.g., Oculus Quest Store), and e-commerce on its platforms. Additionally, Meta may explore future revenue streams within the metaverse, such as virtual goods, services, and digital real estate.The main revenue source is advertising, where businesses pay to advertise on Meta’s social networking platforms, utilizing user data for targeted marketing. Sales of Oculus VR hardware, subscription fees (e.g., Oculus Quest Store), and e-commerce transactions on the platforms contribute to revenue. Future metaverse initiatives may introduce revenue streams like virtual goods, services, and digital real estate. Diverse revenue streams support Meta’s financial stability.Revenue from advertising (e.g., Facebook Ads, Instagram Ads), sales of Oculus VR hardware (e.g., Oculus Quest), subscription fees (e.g., Oculus Quest Store), e-commerce transactions on platforms, potential future revenue streams from the metaverse (e.g., virtual goods, services, digital real estate).
Customer SegmentsMeta serves a diverse customer base, including individual users of its social networking platforms (Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Messenger), businesses and advertisers seeking to promote products and services, enterprises using Workplace by Facebook for collaboration, virtual reality enthusiasts and gamers interested in Oculus VR hardware and experiences, and future participants in the metaverse ecosystem. The company aims to connect people, businesses, and communities in various digital realms.Meta’s customer segments encompass individual users of its social networking platforms, businesses and advertisers leveraging its advertising solutions, enterprises using Workplace by Facebook for collaboration and communication, virtual reality enthusiasts and gamers interested in Oculus VR hardware and content, and future participants in the metaverse ecosystem. The company’s mission is to connect people, businesses, and communities across diverse digital realms, fostering social interactions, innovation, and immersive experiences.Individual users of social networking platforms (e.g., Facebook, Instagram, WhatsApp, Messenger), businesses and advertisers utilizing advertising solutions, enterprises using Workplace by Facebook for collaboration, virtual reality enthusiasts and gamers interested in Oculus VR hardware and content, future participants in the metaverse ecosystem, Meta’s mission to connect people, businesses, and communities across digital realms.
Distribution ChannelsMeta’s primary distribution channels include its social networking platforms (accessible via websites and mobile apps), app stores (e.g., Apple App Store, Google Play Store) for mobile apps, and Oculus VR hardware sales through its official website and retail partners. The company also leverages partnerships with content creators, developers, and advertisers to expand its ecosystem.Distribution channels focus on Meta’s social networking platforms, which are accessible through websites and mobile apps. Mobile app stores, including the Apple App Store and Google Play Store, serve as distribution channels for Meta’s mobile apps. Oculus VR hardware is sold through the company’s official website and retail partners. Collaborations with content creators, developers, and advertisers expand the company’s ecosystem and reach.Distribution through social networking platforms (websites, mobile apps), app stores for mobile apps (e.g., Apple App Store, Google Play Store), Oculus VR hardware sales via the official website and retail partners, partnerships with content creators, developers, and advertisers for ecosystem expansion.
Key PartnershipsMeta collaborates with various partners to enhance its offerings and ecosystem. Partnerships include content creators, developers, and businesses that create and promote content on its platforms. Advertisers form partnerships for targeted marketing campaigns. Additionally, Meta may seek collaborations with technology companies, content creators, and real estate developers to develop the metaverse and related experiences.Collaborations with content creators and developers enrich Meta’s platforms with user-generated content and applications. Partnerships with businesses and advertisers drive advertising campaigns and sponsored content. Potential collaborations with technology companies, content creators, and real estate developers in the metaverse space aim to develop immersive and interconnected experiences. Meta’s partnerships are instrumental in expanding its ecosystem and offerings.Collaborations with content creators and developers for user-generated content and applications, partnerships with businesses and advertisers for advertising campaigns and sponsored content, potential collaborations with technology companies, content creators, and real estate developers for metaverse development and immersive experiences.
Key ResourcesMeta’s key resources include its social networking platforms with billions of users, a vast and engaged online community, partnerships with businesses and advertisers, technology infrastructure for data processing and content delivery, Oculus VR hardware and software, a strong brand identity associated with social connection and innovation, a global network of content creators, developers, and users, and a vision for the future of the metaverse.Social networking platforms form the core resource, connecting billions of users and fostering a vast online community. Partnerships with businesses and advertisers contribute to the advertising ecosystem. Technology infrastructure ensures data processing and content delivery. Oculus VR hardware and software enhance immersive experiences. A strong brand identity fosters social connection and innovation. A global network of content creators, developers, and users enriches the ecosystem. Meta’s vision for the metaverse guides future development and innovation.Social networking platforms connecting billions of users and fostering a vast online community, partnerships with businesses and advertisers contributing to the advertising ecosystem, technology infrastructure for data processing and content delivery, Oculus VR hardware and software enhancing immersive experiences, a strong brand identity associated with social connection and innovation, a global network of content creators, developers, and users enriching the ecosystem, a vision for the future of the metaverse guiding development and innovation.
Cost StructureMeta incurs costs related to data centers and infrastructure for content hosting and delivery, research and development (R&D) for platform innovation, marketing and advertising expenses to attract and engage users, employee salaries and benefits for a diverse workforce, acquisitions and investments in technology companies, and potential regulatory and compliance costs.Costs related to data centers and infrastructure ensure reliable content hosting and delivery. R&D investments drive platform innovation and development. Marketing and advertising expenses promote user acquisition and engagement. Employee salaries and benefits cover staff in various roles. Acquisitions and investments in technology companies foster innovation and ecosystem growth. Regulatory and compliance costs may arise to address legal and industry requirements.Costs related to data centers and infrastructure for content hosting and delivery, research and development (R&D) investments for platform innovation, marketing and advertising expenses for user acquisition and engagement, employee salaries and benefits covering diverse roles, acquisitions and investments in technology companies for innovation and ecosystem growth, potential regulatory and compliance costs to address legal and industry requirements.
Competitive AdvantageMeta’s competitive advantage lies in its vast and engaged user base across social networking platforms, a network effect that attracts users and advertisers, a strong brand identity associated with social connection and innovation, partnerships with content creators, developers, and businesses, diversified revenue streams from advertising, hardware sales, and potential metaverse initiatives, and a vision for the metaverse that positions the company as a leader in shaping the future of immersive digital experiences.A vast and engaged user base contributes to the network effect, attracting users and advertisers to Meta’s platforms. A strong brand identity fosters trust and loyalty among users. Collaborations with content creators, developers, and businesses enrich the ecosystem. Diverse revenue streams from advertising, hardware sales, and potential metaverse initiatives ensure financial stability. Meta’s vision for the metaverse positions it as a leader in shaping the future of immersive digital experiences. The company’s competitive advantage lies in its ability to connect people, businesses, and communities across various digital realms.Vast and engaged user base across social networking platforms, network effect attracting users and advertisers, strong brand identity fostering trust and loyalty, collaborations with content creators, developers, and businesses enriching the ecosystem, diverse revenue streams from advertising, hardware sales, and potential metaverse initiatives ensuring financial stability, a vision for the metaverse positioning Meta as a leader in shaping the future of immersive digital experiences and connecting people, businesses, and communities across digital realms.

Key Highlights

Major Shareholders:

  • Mark Zuckerberg, the founder and CEO of Facebook, holds significant control over the company’s ownership and decision-making.
  • Other large individual shareholders include Sheryl Sandberg, former COO of Facebook, and Eduardo Saverin, co-founder of the company.

Institutional Investors:

  • BlackRock, one of the world’s largest investment management companies, is a major institutional investor in Meta (formerly Facebook).
  • Vanguard, another prominent investment management company, also holds a substantial stake in the company.
  • Fidelity, a well-known financial services firm, is among the significant institutional investors in Meta.

Facebook’s Rebranding as Meta:

  • In 2021, Facebook underwent a major rebranding, changing its corporate name to Meta.
  • The rebranding was part of the company’s effort to expand beyond its core social media platform and venture into the metaverse and virtual reality technologies.

Mark Zuckerberg’s Control and Ownership:

  • Mark Zuckerberg, as the founder and CEO, has retained tight control over Facebook/Meta’s ownership and decision-making.
  • His significant ownership stake allows him to influence the company’s direction and strategic decisions.

Sheryl Sandberg’s Role:

  • Sheryl Sandberg, former Chief Operating Officer (COO) of Facebook, is a notable individual shareholder.
  • Sandberg played a crucial role in the company’s growth and operations during her tenure as COO.

Eduardo Saverin’s Stake:

  • Eduardo Saverin, one of the co-founders of Facebook, also holds a substantial ownership stake in the company.
  • Saverin’s involvement in the early stages of Facebook’s development contributed to the company’s success.

Facebook’s Shareholders and Governance:

  • The ownership structure of Facebook/Meta reflects the influence and control of its key executives and co-founders.
  • Mark Zuckerberg’s significant ownership enables him to maintain a considerable say in the company’s decisions.

Institutional Investors’ Influence:

  • Large institutional investors like BlackRock, Vanguard, and Fidelity have notable stakes in Meta, which can influence the company’s governance and direction.

Focus on the Metaverse:

  • Meta’s rebranding indicates its strategic shift towards focusing on the metaverse and virtual reality technologies.
  • The company aims to explore and develop opportunities beyond its traditional social media platform.

Shift to Generative AI

  • With losses mounting for the Reality Lab segment, Meta had to refocus on what could produce a short-term impact on the company. That is why the company shifted its focus to Generative AI.
  • Indeed, Meta shifted its whole core strategy to Generative AI through the launch of various open-source LLMs to try to garner market shares quickly.

Related Visual Stories

Facebook Stats

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Facebook Revenues

facebook-revenues

Facebook ARPU

facebook-arpu-breakdown
ARPU, or average revenue per user, is a key metric for attention merchants like Facebook. It assesses the ability of the platform to monetize its users. For instance, by the end of 2022, Meta’s ARPU worldwide was $10.86. While in US & Canada, it was $58.77; in Europe, it was $17.29; in Asia, $4.61 and in the rest of the world, it was $3.52.

Facebook Profitability

facebook-profitability

Facebook Revenue Breakdown

facebook-revenue-breakdown

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