A DevOps methodology is a suite of practices, tools, and philosophies that combines software development (Dev) and information technology operations (Ops).
DevOps represents a shared or collaborative approach to tasks and processes performed by a company’s software development and IT operations teams.
The philosophy on which DevOps is based fosters improved collaboration and communication between these teams and the organization as a whole.
The term can also be used more narrowly to describe iterative software development, automation, and programmable infrastructure maintenance and deployment.
It also encapsulates cultural change – by increasing trust between systems administrators and developers – and ensuring business requirements are in harmony with each project.
The shift toward DevOps started around 2007 in response to concerns development and IT teams had raised about dysfunction in the industry.
Essentially, the software development framework of the time required the developers who wrote the code to be separate from those who deployed and supported it.
Both teams often worked in separate buildings, had competing objectives, or were measured against different KPIs.
This causes siloed teams that were only concerned with looking after themselves with long working hours, botched releases, and dissatisfied customers also commonplace.
Under the current DevOps model, both teams are no longer siloed and are occasionally merged into a single team where engineers work across the entire lifecycle and possess multidisciplinary skills and expertise.
What DevOps is not
DevOps is not a technology in and of itself but instead an environment that utilizes:
- Continuous integration and continuous delivery or deployment (CI/CD) tools.
- Any system that supports its adoption, such as configuration management, incident management, and real-time monitoring, and
- Cloud computing, microservices, and containers.
While they are somewhat different, it should also be noted that DevOps can be used in tandem with Agile. In fact, the two frameworks complement each other.
The former focuses on an automated CI/CD pipeline to deliver frequent releases, while the latter increases adaptability toward shifting requirements and provides better collaboration among smaller teams.
The continuous nature of DevOps and its six phases are commonly represented as an infinity loop.
While each phase appears to be sequential, DevOps stresses the need for collaboration and iteration across the entire lifecycle.
The six phases include:
To increase speed and quality, agile practices should be adopted.
As hinted at above, this enables teams to break work down into smaller chunks and deliver incremental value.
This can be done via Git, a free, open-source version control system that supports the branching, merging, and rewriting of repository history.
Continuous integration and delivery (CI/CD)
This enables teams to release quality products from source code to production via automated workflows.
Releases are frequent and of high quality.
Monitor and alert
The fourth phase deals with the identification and resolution of issues that affect speed, uptime, and functionality.
Or the management of end-to-end IT service delivery to customers.
Known as IT service management (ITSM), this incorporates all the processes and activities that create, deliver, and support IT services
Where the effect of each release on the user experience is reported to the DevOps team to then improve future releases.
DevOps vs. Agile
Agile is a development method encompassing how software is developed, delivered, and iterated.
The agile methodology became a successful philosophy that spilled over to the business world, spurring the lean startup revolution.
Thus, agile is all-encompassing philosophy that moved from software development to business processes.
DevOps is primarily a workflow within tech organizations to enable continuous deployment of tech processes.
DevOps has become extremely important at a time when technical processes have become the core of many organizations.
From DevOps to DevSecOps
DevSecOps is an extension of DevOps, which adds security to the mix.
Indeed, with complex technical infrastructures, as the core of many businesses on the web, security has become a critical component to look out for throughout the whole workflow.
Thus, where previously, the emphasis was on combining development and operations to wreck the siloes within organizations.
DevSecOps enabled to add security in the mix, as a critical element to take into account from the early stage of development activities within the company’s operations.
- A DevOps methodology is a suite of practices, tools, and philosophies that integrate software development (Dev) and information technology operations (Ops).
- DevOps is not a technology but instead an environment that utilizes CI/CD tools, incident management, real-time monitoring, cloud computing, and microservices. It may also be used in conjunction with Agile.
- DevOps methodologies are represented in the form of an infinity loop with collaboration occurring and iteration throughout. The six phases are plan, build, CI/CD, monitor and alert, operate, and continuous feedback.
Key Points of DevOps Methodology:
- Definition and Purpose: DevOps is a collaborative approach that integrates software development (Dev) and IT operations (Ops) to improve communication, collaboration, and efficiency throughout the software development lifecycle.
- Philosophy and Collaboration: DevOps emphasizes collaboration between traditionally separate teams and aims to break down silos. It fosters a shared responsibility for the entire lifecycle, from development to deployment and maintenance.
- Shift in Industry: DevOps emerged around 2007 in response to dysfunction caused by the separation of development and operations teams. This led to issues such as long working hours, botched releases, and dissatisfied customers.
- DevOps Framework and Tools:
- DevOps is not a technology but an environment that utilizes Continuous Integration and Continuous Delivery (CI/CD) tools, configuration management, real-time monitoring, and cloud computing.
- It can be used in conjunction with Agile, as both frameworks complement each other in terms of collaboration and iterative development.
- DevOps Lifecycle:
- The DevOps lifecycle consists of six phases represented in a continuous loop: Plan, Build, CI/CD, Monitor and Alert, Operate, and Continuous Feedback.
- Collaboration and iteration are stressed across all phases, allowing for rapid and high-quality software delivery.
- DevOps vs. Agile:
- Agile is a comprehensive development methodology that extends beyond software development to business processes.
- DevOps is a workflow focused on seamless integration between development and operations to enable continuous deployment and improve efficiency.
- DevSecOps and Security Integration:
- DevSecOps extends DevOps by incorporating security into the workflow.
- It emphasizes addressing security concerns during the development process, rather than after release, to ensure robust security in complex technical infrastructures.
What are the key components of the DevOps methodology?
What is DevSecOps?
DevSecOps is an extension of DevOps, which combines development, security, and operations. It is a philosophy that helps software development businesses deliver innovative products quickly without sacrificing security. This allows potential security issues to be identified during the development process – and not after the product has been released in line with the emergence of continuous software development practices.
Connected Agile & Lean Frameworks
- Business Models
- Business Strategy
- Business Development
- Distribution Channels
- Marketing Strategy
- Platform Business Models
- Network Effects
Main Case Studies: