- Ipsy is a monthly subscription service for cosmetic and beauty products founded in 2011 by Michelle Phan, Marcelo Camberos, and Jennifer Goldfarb. Phan used her large YouTube following to launch and grow the platform.
- Ipsy makes money by charging customers monthly for beauty subscription boxes. Various subscription plans are available depending on the level of beauty product size and customization.
- Ipsy also operates an eCommerce store selling branded and in-house beauty products. The company also sells product placement spots to brands eager to receive highly targeted exposure.
Ipsy is a monthly subscription service for cosmetic and beauty products. The company was founded in 2011 by YouTube vlogger Michelle Phan together with Marcelo Camberos and Jennifer Goldfarb.
Phan started uploading videos to YouTube long before it was possible to make a living on the platform. She began by posting videos about dogs and obscure topics such as how to make face masks from pulverized aspirin. However, Phan noticed that her makeup tutorials attracted the most views.
When YouTube began allowing its creators to monetize their videos, Phan was accepted into the program. She started posting beauty tutorials more frequently, quitting her weekend job at a sushi restaurant to devote more time to her vlogging.
In a very short time, Phan amassed approximately 1 million YouTube followers. She moved to Los Angeles to build her company with like-minded individuals where she became acquainted with Camberos and Goldfarb. At the time, Phan also noted the surging popularity of the subscription box model with services such as Birchbox.
Ipsy was launched in November 2011 as MyGlam to take advantage of this trend, with each customer sent a so-called “Glam Bag” of beauty product samples every month. After raising seed and subsequent investment funding, MyGlam was renamed Ipsy in September 2012.
During the next few years, Phan managed to grow Ipsy through word-of-mouth advertising and her large YouTube following. Such was the success of the service that it was profitable almost immediately.
The growth of the company continues to this day. Ipsy now houses more than 10,000 amateur beauty vloggers in a large studio space in San Mateo, California, with each blogger an unofficial Ipsy brand advocate. Ipsy also employs a team of stylists who promote the brands featured in the monthly bag through video. In October 2020, Ipsy announced it would be acquiring rival BoxyCharm to cement its position as one of the leading subscription-based beauty services.
Ipsy revenue generation
Consumers who wish to receive a regular delivery of beauty samples can choose between three subscriptions:
- Glam Bag ($13/month) – the original Glam Bag featuring an assortment of five personalized beauty samples. The consumer can choose one product for their bag each month.
- Glam Bag Plus ($28/month) – featuring an assortment of five full-sized beauty products. In this case, the consumer can choose three of the five products each month.
- Glam Bag X ($55/quarter) – Glam Bag X is a members-only upgrade that includes seven to eight full-sized products personally curated by beauty celebrities. Glam Bag X is sent in February, May, August, and November and replaces the usual bag in these months.
Ipsy also operates its own eCommerce store where it purchases products at wholesale and then resells them for a profit.
The company also sells in-house brands such as Complex Culture and Refreshments. Margins on these brands are likely to be higher.
With millions of subscribers, Ipsy has access to valuable consumer buying data which allows the company to better predict the products its consumers will enjoy.
As a result, the company works with beauty brands to promote products to highly targeted audiences. Ipsy is compensated by these brands in exchange for access to an effective and organic form of advertising.
- Origin and Founding: Ipsy, a monthly subscription service for cosmetic and beauty products, was founded in 2011 by Michelle Phan, Marcelo Camberos, and Jennifer Goldfarb. Michelle Phan’s YouTube following played a crucial role in launching and growing the platform.
- Subscription Model: Ipsy generates revenue primarily through its subscription box service, offering various plans for beauty product deliveries to customers.
- Glam Bag: The original subscription offers a monthly assortment of five personalized beauty samples for $13 per month. Customers can choose one product for their bag each month.
- Glam Bag Plus: This plan, priced at $28 per month, provides five full-sized beauty products, with customers selecting three out of the five products.
- Glam Bag X: A premium upgrade available for $55 per quarter, offering seven to eight full-sized products curated by beauty celebrities. It replaces the regular bag in specific months.
- Diverse Revenue Streams: Ipsy has expanded its revenue generation beyond subscription boxes, adopting various strategies:
- eCommerce Store: Ipsy operates an eCommerce store where it sells branded and in-house beauty products purchased at wholesale and resold for profit.
- In-House Brands: The company sells its own brands like Complex Culture and Refreshments, likely yielding higher profit margins.
- Product Placement: With its substantial subscriber base, Ipsy leverages consumer buying data to work with beauty brands, promoting products to targeted audiences. Brands compensate Ipsy for this effective and organic advertising.
- Early Growth and Strategy: Michelle Phan’s influence and YouTube following, combined with the rising popularity of subscription box models, contributed to Ipsy’s rapid growth. The company transitioned from “MyGlam” to “Ipsy” in 2012 and continued to attract both subscribers and beauty vloggers.
- Business Network: Ipsy has more than 10,000 amateur beauty vloggers in its San Mateo studio, acting as brand advocates. Stylists promote the featured brands through videos. The acquisition of rival BoxyCharm in 2020 further solidified Ipsy’s position in the subscription-based beauty services industry.
- Subscription Tiers: The tiered subscription model offers customers flexibility in choosing between sample sizes and full-sized products, enhancing the personalization of the experience.
- Data-Driven Approach: Ipsy’s access to consumer buying data allows it to predict and promote products effectively to its highly targeted audience, making it an attractive platform for beauty brands.
- Cross-Selling and Upselling: Offering different subscription levels and an eCommerce store provides opportunities for cross-selling and upselling, maximizing customer spending.
- Organic Advertising: Ipsy’s collaboration with beauty brands for product placement capitalizes on its engaged subscriber base, providing brands with a highly targeted and effective form of advertising.
- Holistic Beauty Experience: The combination of subscription boxes, an eCommerce store, in-house brands, and product placements allows Ipsy to offer a comprehensive and curated beauty experience to its customers.
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