Hambrick and Fredrickson’s Strategy Diamond is a simple means of illustrating how the different parts of a strategy fit together. The diamond creates a strategic direction for the future operations of a business by looking at five elements: arenas, differentiators, economic logic, vehicles, and staging and pacing.
- Understanding Hambrick and Fredrickson’s Strategy Diamond
- Key takeaways
- Connected Strategy Frameworks
Understanding Hambrick and Fredrickson’s Strategy Diamond
These elements are:
New Balance manufactures its shoes in the United States, while Nike shoes are predominantly manufactured in China, Vietnam, and Indonesia.
Differentiators describe the factors that dictate how the business will achieve success in a given market.
Differentiators may be tangible, where a golf course with ocean views has a competitive advantage over a course that is further inland.
But they may also be intangible, such as logos, patents, or even brand equity.
Economic logic explains how the business will achieve a return on investment.
For a business to possess positive economic logic, its differentiators must be in alignment with its arenas.
This ensures that financial profits keep investors interested in the continual funding of operating costs.
Vehicles describe how a business can enter the arenas that it determines the most profitable.
Potentially, this may include internal development, franchising, acquisitions, or joint ventures.
Toyota and Mazda came together to jointly own and operate a new car assembly plant in the United States.
Staging and pacing
When a Tex-Mex restaurant chain wanted to expand beyond the city of Austin Texas, the company knew that it would be difficult to manage restaurants that were far away.
Ultimately, cities earmarked for expansion were those that were connected to Austin via a short, direct Southwest Airlines flight. This allowed managers to freely travel between new restaurants in a shorter amount of time.
- Hambrick and Frederickson’s Strategy Diamond is a useful strategic tool in a wide variety of markets, industries, and organizations.
- A core belief of Hambrick and Frederickson’s Strategy Diamond is the cohesive and harmonious interaction of five elements: arenas, vehicles, differentiation, staging, and economic logic.
- The strategy diamond provides a framework with which a business can envision future success. Importantly, the strategy guides how this success might be achieved in actuality.
Connected Strategy Frameworks
Other strategy frameworks:
- AIDA Model
- Ansoff Matrix
- Balanced Scorecard
- BCG Matrix
- Design Thinking
- Lean Startup Canvas
- Pestel Analysis
- Technology Adoption Curve
- Total Addressable Market