Tulip mania, also known as the Dutch tulip bubble, was a period during the 17th century where contract prices for tulip bulbs reached extremely high levels before crashing in 1637. Trading became increasingly more organized in these rare tulips, with companies established to grow, buy, and sell them. Cultivation techniques also improved, which caused more and more people to speculate on tulip bulb prices.
The Mississippi bubble occurred when a fraudulent fiat banking system was unleashed in a French economy on the verge of bankruptcy. Happened in the 1700s, the Mississippi bubble was among the most incredible financial bubbles of human history. The scapegoat of this financial bubble was John Law, which introduced the concept of central banking, by convincing King Louis XV to restore France’s prosperity through monetary stimulus, something unprecedented before.
South Sea Bubble
The South Sea Bubble describes the financial collapse of the South Sea Company in 1720, which was formed to supply slaves to Spanish America and reduce Britain’s national debt. The story behind the South Sea Bubble is somewhat complicated. However, it begins with the formation of the South Sea Company in 1711 by Robert Harvey.
Stock Market Crash of 1929
The Stock Market Crash of 1929 was a major American stock market crash in October 1929 that precipitated the beginning of the Great Depression. Various causes stood behind the financial collapse of 1929, some of which attributed to speculation, government mismanagement, and oversupply.
Japanese Lost Decade
The Japanese asset price bubble resulted in greatly inflated real estate and stock market prices between 1986 and 1991 which resulted in the largest Japan financial bubble, which also caused a decade of economic stagnation for the Japanese economy.
The dot-com bubble describes a rapid rise in technology stock equity valuations during the bull market of the late 1990s. The stock market bubble was caused by rampant speculation of internet-related companies. In part, this was caused by the easily available liquidity in the markets combined with the rise of Internet companies. After the dot-com bubbles, the survived Internet companies learned how to master a leaner playbook.
2007-8 Global Financial Crisis
The global financial crisis (GFC) refers to a period of extreme stress in global financial markets and banking systems between 2007 and 2009, which changed the financial system culminating in the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act. The seeds of the global financial crisis can be traced back to the 1970s, with the Community development Act leading to the creation of a massive derivative market based on real estate assets (subprime). This coupled with easy liquidity, and speculation has led to financial turmoil compared to the 1929 stock market crash.
Connected Economic Concepts
Positive and Normative Economics
Main Free Guides: