How Does Snapchat Make Money?

Snapchat revenue model is based on advertising. The company defined itself as a camera company that enables users to generate content through its AR and stories format. In 2022, Snapchat made over $4.6 billion in revenues, and over $1.4 billion in net losses.

Understanding Snapchat’s business model

Over the years, Snapchat adjusted its business model to find its place in the market.

In its financials, by 2022, the company highlighted:

Snap Inc. is a technology company. We believe the camera presents the greatest opportunity to improve the way people live and communicate. We contribute to human progress by empowering people to express themselves, live in the moment, learn about the world, and have fun together.

And it further explained: 

Snapchat is our core mobile device application and contains five distinct tabs, complemented by additional tools that function outside of the application. With a breadth of visual messaging and content experiences available within the application, Snapchatters can interact with all five, or a subset of those five tabs

Those comprise a few primary products and features: 

  • Camera. 
  • Visual Messages. 
  • Snap Map. 
  • Stories. 
  • Spotlight.

The company’s key stakeholders


Most of Snapchat revenues are based on advertising, thus, making sure that the Snapchat ad platform attracts a growing number of advertisers is the key. Advertising products on Snapchat are made of two main products: 

  • AR ads, served as Sponsored Lenses or Sponsored Filters, to create immersive 3D experiences. 
  • And Snap Ads: where advertisers can use full screen videos with sound, in various formats (single image or video ads, story ads, collection ads, dynamic ads, and commercials). 

In addition to that, Snapchat provides advertisers with tools to track and improve the performance of their campaigns.


as Snapchat defines itself as a camera company, but it sells primarily advertising, it’s critical that the platform keeps attracting a growing community of creators. In fact, creators make the platform compelling in the first place, as content attracts users, thus making the platform more valuable for advertisers, creating a positive loop or flywheel

And partners

Snapchat primarily depends upon the distirbution coming from Google, Apple, and Amazon to run its mobile app and and service. 

Snapchat flagship product is a camera application which enables people to communicate visually. While Snap’s format has now been adopted by most social platforms (through the so-called stories) Snapchat was among the first platforms who used “snaps” or online stories that got automatically deleted after 24 hours from their publication. 

This was critical to Snapchat, as this format drastically reduced the friction for users in creating content! 

Inside Snapchat product

Snapchat is made of a few key products:

  • Camera: Snapchat opens up directly the camera on the phone, enhancing it, to create various types of visuals. And also to have AR features in it. This is the starting point of the user’s journey. 
  • Communication: from there users can communmicate with each others, sending each other images and videos. They can also communicate via the personalized avatar tool, Bitmoji. 
  • Snap Map is an interactive feature, that enables Snapchat users to connect friends and see what they are up to in their local areas. Thus, enaling a sort of local social networking. 
  • Stories represent the core feature of the platform, or at least what gave it intial traction. In fact, this is made of a discovery tab where it’s possible to check all the content friends are producing over Snapchat. This idea would be copied by pretty much all other social media platforms. 
  • Spotlight is a sort of dedicated bacheca where the most interesting content is shared across various communities. 

Snapchat monetization strategy

Snapchat monetizes primarily through advertising. The advertising products include:

  • Snap Ads
  • and Sponsored Creative Tools (Sponsored Lenses and Sponsored Geofilters)


By 2020, Snapchat recorded over $4.6 billion in revenues and over $1.4 billion in net losses. 

Revenues are classified in two ways:

  • Advertising gets sold directly to advertisers, referred to as Snap-sold revenue
  • Certain partners that provide content on Snapchat, or content partners, also sell directly to advertisers, referred to as partner-sold revenue

Snap Ads, whether Snap-sold or partner-sold, may be subject to revenue sharing arrangements between Snapchat and the content partner.

What metrics does Snapchat use to assess its success?

Snapchat measures the progress of its advertising business using two key metrics

  • ARPU (average revenue per user) because it helps Snapchat understand the rate at which it is monetizing the daily user base. Snapchat defines ARPU as quarterly revenue divided by the average Daily Active Usersì ARPU was $3.47 in Q4 2022, compared to $4.06 in Q4 2021. 
  • Snapchat defines a Daily Active User as a registered Snapchat user who opens the Snapchat application at least once during a defined 24-hour period. DAU or Daily Active Users, or DAUs, Snapchat had 375 million daily active users by 2022. 

Snapchat key metrics

As per its financial reports: 

  • Daily Active Users, or DAUs, increased to 265 million in Q4 2020, compared to 218 million in Q4 2019. 
  • Average revenue per user, or ARPU, increased 33% to $3.44 in Q4 2020, compared to $2.58 in Q4 2019.


  • The company has more than tripled its revenues since 2017.
  • However, its operating income is still quite negative. In a digital marketing industry controlled primarily by the duopoly Google (Alphabet) and Facebook (Meta), Snapchat is stuck in the middle. In additional the digital advertising space is completely getting reshaped, as Google and Facebook are losing hold of their monopoly on ads.
  • Also, its distribution mainly depends on other platforms like Google, Apple, and Amazon. Therefore, the ability of the company to have a consumer AR product is crucial for its long-term success.

Read How Does WhatsApp Make Money? WhatsApp Business Model In A Nutshell

Related Visual Stories

Snapchat Business Model

Snapchat is a camera company which business model moves across three industries: social media, content marketing, and AR. Snapchat generates most of its revenue from several ad formats (AR Ads, Snap Ads, Sponsored Geolifters, and Sponsored Lenses). The company also produces Spectacles, a set of AR glasses enabling content creators to produce interactive experiences through Snapchat. 

Snapchat Revenue

99% of Snapchat’s revenue comes from advertising. In 2022, Snapchat grew to over $4.6 billion in revenues, compared to $4.12 billion in 2021 and $2.5 billion in 2020. By 2022, Snapchat recorded a net loss of over $1.4 billion.

Is Snapchat Profitable?

In 2022, Snapchat recorded over $1.4 billion in net losses, with $4.6 billion in revenues, primarily from advertising. Snapchat has not yet found its way to profitability.

Snapchat Users

Snapchat measures its growth through a metric called Daily Active Users (DAUs), as a user on Snapchat usually interacts with it multiple times a day. Over the years, Snapchat DAUs grew from 229 million in early 2020 to 375 million by the end of 2022.

Snapchat ARPU

Snapchat global ARPU was $3.47 in Q4 of 2022, compared to $4.06 in Q4 of 2021.

Facebook Business Model

Facebook, the main product of Meta is an attention merchant. As such, its algorithms condense the attention of over 2.91 billion monthly active users as of June 2021. Meta generated $117.9 billion in revenues, in 2021, of which $114.9 billion from advertising (97.4% of the total revenues) and over $2.2 billion from Reality Labs (the augmented and virtual reality products arm). 

Instagram Business Model

Instagram makes money via visual advertising. As part of Facebook products, the company generates revenues for Facebook Inc.’s overall business model. Acquired by Facebook for a billion dollars in 2012, today, Instagram is integrated into the overall Facebook business strategy.

TikTok Business Model

TikTok is a creative Chinese social media platform driven by short-form video content enabling users to interact and generate content at scale. TikTok primarily makes money through advertising, generating $4.6 billion in advertising revenues in 2021, thus making it among the most popular attention-based business models or attention merchants.

Read Also: Snapchat Business Model, Facebook Business Model, Instagram Business Model, YouTube Business Model, Twitter Business Model.

About The Author

Leave a Reply

Scroll to Top