costco-vs-walmart

Costco vs. Walmart

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Costco Business Model

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Costco’s strategy can be summarized as a selection of high-quality items sold in bulk sized in warehouses around the US and Canada primarily and with a substantial part of its business focused on selling merchandise at a low-profit margin. Costco also uses a single-step distribution strategy to sell its inventory before it gets paid to suppliers. Costco generated almost $227 billion in revenue in 2022, of which $5.84B came from 65 million paid members.

Costco SWOT Analysis

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Costco is a large American multinational corporation with a focus on low-cost, membership-only retail warehouse clubs. Costco is the 4th largest retail operator in the world, operating 785 warehouses in 10 different countries. Indeed, it has enjoyed rapid success growing from zero to $3 billion in sales within six years.

Who Owns Costco

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Costco runs a high-quality, low-priced business model powered by its memberships that draw customers’ loyalty and repeat purchases. Top institutional investors comprise The Vanguard Group, 8.79%, and BlackRock, 6.77%. Top individual shareholders include Craig Jelinek, Chief Executive Officer of Costco, and Charles T. Munger (Warren Buffet partner and co-owner of Berkshire Hathaway).

Wholesale Business Model

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The wholesale model is a selling model where wholesalers sell their products in bulk to a retailer at a discounted price. The retailer then on-sells the products to consumers at a higher price. In the wholesale model, a wholesaler sells products in bulk to retail outlets for onward sale. Occasionally, the wholesaler sells direct to the consumer, with supermarket giant Costco the most obvious example.

Costco Financials

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Costco generated almost $227 billion in revenue in 2022, compared to nearly $196 billion in revenue in 2021, and over $166 billion in revenue, in 2020. Costco also generated $5.84 billion in net income in 2022, compared to $5 billion in 2021 and $5 billion in 2020.

Costco Employees

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Costcohad 304,000 employees in 2022, compared to 288,000 in 2021 and 273,000 in 2020.

Costco Members

Costco Memberships
Costo had 65.8 million paid members in 2022, compared to 61.7 million in 2021 and 58.1 million in 2020.

Costco Membership Revenue

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Costco generated $4.2 billion in membership revenue in 2022, compared to $3.87 billion in 2021 and $3.54 in 2020.

Walmart Business Model

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With over $572 billion in net sales in 2022, Walmart operates a differentiated Omni business model with three primary units comprising Walmart U.S., Walmart International, and Sam’s Club (a membership-only warehouse club), together with Walmart+. This subscription service includes unlimited free shipping, unlimited delivery from its stores, and discounts launched in 2021.

Walmart Revenue vs. Profit

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Walmart generated over $572 billion in revenue in 2022 and over $13.6 billion in net profits in the same year. Compared to over $559 billion in revenue in 2021 and over $13.5 billion in net profits.

Walmart Revenue

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Walmart generated over $572 billion in revenues in 2022, compared to over $559 billion in 2021.

Walmart Customers

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Walmart had 230 million global customers in 2022, compared to 240 million customers in 2021 and 265 million customers in 2019.

Walmart Stores

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In 2022, Walmart had 10,500 employees globally, compared to 11,400 employees globally, in 2021.

Walmart Employees

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Walmart had 2.3 million associates globally in 2022, the same number in 2021. While in 2020, Walmart had 2.2 million associates globally.

Walmart Mission Statement

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Walmart’smission can be summarized as “helping people around the world save money and live better – anytime and anywhere – in retail stores and through eCommerce.” While its vision is to “make every day easier for busy families.” Walmart defines “busy families” as the bull’s eye of its business strategy.

Walmart Organizational Structure

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Walmart has a hybrid hierarchical-functional organizational structure, otherwise referred to as a matrix structure that combines multiple approaches. On the one hand, Walmart follows a hierarchical structure, where the current CEO Doug McMillon is the only employee without a direct superior, and directives are sent from top-level management. On the other hand, the function-based structure of Walmart is used to categorize employees according to their particular skills and experience.

Walmart SWOT Analysis

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From humble beginnings just over 50 years ago, Walmart has become the world’s largest retail company. A single small discount store in Arkansas has now expanded to over 11,000 stores in 28 countries. Some reports suggest that the company makes $1.8 million of profit every hour.

Read Also: Walmart Business Model, Walmart SWOT Analysis, Walmart Mission Statement, Costco Business Model.

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