brand-pyramid

What Is A Brand Pyramid And Why It Matters In Business

A brand pyramid is a representational framework that answers fundamental questions about a brand and market positioning. The framework is particularly useful for new brands to enter a market for the first time. It moves from bottom to bottom with these elements: features and attributes, functional benefits, emotional benefits, brand persona/core values, and brand essence.

AspectExplanation
Concept OverviewThe Brand Pyramid, also known as the Brand Hierarchy or Brand Value Pyramid, is a model used in marketing and brand management to illustrate the hierarchical structure of a brand’s elements, from its fundamental attributes to its emotional and symbolic associations. The pyramid visually represents how consumers perceive and relate to a brand. It helps marketers and brand managers understand and strategize the building blocks of brand equity.
Key LevelsThe Brand Pyramid typically consists of four or five key levels:
1. Brand Identity: At the base of the pyramid, this level represents the fundamental attributes of a brand, including its name, logo, color scheme, and visual elements.
2. Brand Meaning: This level delves deeper into the brand’s functional benefits and attributes, explaining what the brand does and how it meets consumer needs.
3. Brand Response: Moving up, this level explores consumer reactions to the brand, including their thoughts and feelings about it. It includes elements like brand associations and perceived quality.
4. Brand Resonance: At the top of the pyramid, this level represents the highest level of brand loyalty and connection, where consumers have a strong emotional attachment to the brand, and it becomes a part of their identity.
5. Brand Advocacy (Optional): In some versions of the Brand Pyramid, there is an additional level representing brand advocates—loyal customers who actively promote and recommend the brand to others.
Visual RepresentationThe Brand Pyramid is often represented as a pyramid-shaped diagram, with each level building upon the one below it. The base is wider to reflect the broadest aspects of the brand, such as its visual identity, while the top is narrower, indicating the more specialized and emotional aspects of brand resonance.
ApplicationsThe Brand Pyramid is applied in various contexts:
1. Brand Strategy: It helps in the development of brand strategies by identifying areas where the brand can be strengthened or enhanced.
2. Brand Assessment: Brands can use the model to assess their current position and determine areas for improvement.
3. Consumer Behavior: Marketers use it to understand consumer behavior and motivations related to a brand.
4. Brand Communication: It guides the development of marketing campaigns and messaging that align with the brand’s position in the pyramid.
BenefitsUtilizing the Brand Pyramid offers several benefits:
1. Clarity: It provides a clear and structured framework for analyzing and managing brand equity.
2. Strategic Alignment: Brands can align their strategies with the desired level of brand resonance.
3. Competitive Advantage: A strong brand pyramid can lead to a competitive advantage and increased customer loyalty.
4. Customer Understanding: It aids in understanding customer perceptions and preferences related to the brand.
5. Effective Communication: It helps in creating targeted and effective brand messaging.
ChallengesChallenges in implementing the Brand Pyramid include the need for accurate and up-to-date consumer research, the potential for shifts in consumer perception, and the time and effort required to build a strong brand at each level. Additionally, it may be challenging to measure emotional aspects of brand equity accurately.

 

Understanding brand pyramids

Brand pyramids help a business clarify its brand essence – or the emotional feeling that consumers come to expect from interacting with a brand.

Here, it’s important to note that developing a brand pyramid should be an internal process. In other words, the business must define the external face of its brand by first looking inwards.

What does a business stand for and how does it want to be perceived? This is a question that only a business can answer, and should never be left for others to decide.

Ideally, the brand pyramid should assist in developing a unique selling proposition, brand story, and overall marketing strategy.

It can also serve as a standard that businesses can refer to in gauging whether its actions are aligned with its core values.

Establishing a brand pyramid

A brand pyramid can be created by using a triangle divided into five tiers. Marketing teams must start at the base and then move upwards.

Let’s look at each of the tiers in more detail.

1. Features and attributes 

Features and attributes describe the basic purpose of the product in the market.

In other words, what does it do, and how does it do it?

For example, a messaging app may have custom emojis, group chat, and video chat features.

feature-driven-development
Feature-Driven Development is a pragmatic software process that is client and architecture-centric. Feature-Driven Development (FDD) is an agile software development model that organizes workflow according to which features need to be developed next.

2. Functional benefits

Functional benefits delve a little deeper. This tier seeks to determine the problems that a product or service is attempting to solve.

Put differently, functionality describes the reason a consumer uses a product. It also describes their expected outcome after consumption.

The messaging app solves the problem of free, instantaneous communication allowing consumers to express themselves through video and custom emojis.

3. Emotional benefits

What emotions do consumers tie to the usage of a product or service?

The user of an instant messaging app may feel connection, anticipation, joy, and acceptance. 

unique-value-proposition
Your UVP is the exclusive feature or benefit you offer to your customers. It could be anything at all. If you offer a service, it could be “100% pay after satisfaction”. It could be a time factor offers. Say you provide a service that reviews CV. Your UVP could be “Get a revamped résumé in 24 hours”. This makes you stand out from every other person offering that service, as your unique offering is the ability to deliver in 24 hours. Your slogan could also be your UVP, as it automatically gives your audience what to expect from you.

4. Brand persona/core values

marketing-personas
Marketing personas give businesses a general overview of key segments of their target audience and how these segments interact with their brand. Marketing personas are based on the data of an ideal, fictional customer whose characteristics, needs, and motivations are representative of a broader market segment.

Brand persona simply describes the personification of a brand.

What values are important to this person?

How does the brand persona influence or reinforce marketing strategies and product development, and vice versa?

For example, insurance company Geico uses a gecko as representative of its brand persona.

The gecko calms the typical fear and distrust of insurance companies by appearing curious, approachable, and friendly.

5. Brand essence

brand-essence
Brand essence is defined as the core characteristic of a brand that elicits an emotional response in consumers. Brand essence is unique to every business, and the most successful businesses use it to create a reliable feeling in their target audience that builds loyalty over time.

Brand essence is the apex of the brand pyramid, and for good reason.

Brand essence is the heart and soul of a business and is a culmination of the previous four tiers.

It is a reason for existing that guides everything a business does.

Importantly, brand essence is felt by customers in the form of positive emotions.

Volvo’s brand essence is safety.

That is, safety is a core function of their brand which determines how they invest in the manufacture of safe cars.

This focus on safety is decades-long and is best exemplified by Volvo’s invention of the three-point seat belt in 1958.

The company was also ahead of the curve with the introduction of airbags over 30 years later.

Brand pyramid examples

Let’s take a look at two brand pyramid examples below.

The Coca-Cola Company

Features and attributes

If we zoom in on the Coca-Cola soft drink in particular, we find that the product is sold in plastic bottles, glass bottles, and aluminum cans.

Coca-Cola has a distinctive red and white label and a recognizable taste with elements of vanilla, cinnamon, essential oils, and nutmeg.

Functional benefits

Coca-Cola serves primarily to quench a consumer’s thirst and leave them satisfied after consuming the drink.

The product is widely available and inexpensive which enhances this functional benefit.

Emotional benefits

Consumers associate joy, nostalgia, and relaxation with consuming Coca-Cola.

The “Share a Feeling” initiative, which allowed consumers to customize Coke cans with specific emotions, meant the brand was also associated with self-expression, storytelling, and meaningful connections with friends.

Brand persona/core values

The Coca-Cola Company’s brand persona is predominantly made of up excitement and sincerity.

Marketing strategies illustrate the direct relationship between the brand and qualities such as cheerfulness, fun, and family-orientation.

For several years, the brand was also personified by animated polar bears who were presented as mischievous but also fun and innocent.

Brand essence

While there are many carbonated beverage brands, none of them can recreate the feeling of enjoying a Coke.

The brand essence of Coca-Cola is associated with happiness, fond memories, and a general zest for life.

Note that the act of consuming Coca-Cola is not the driver of the company’s brand essence.

Instead, it is more to do with the enjoyable activities that an individual engages in whilst consuming Coke, such as watching a sports game or movie and hosting a backyard BBQ.

Volvo

Features and attributes

Volvo is a Swedish vehicle manufacturer that sells cars, trucks, construction equipment, and buses.

Some of these vehicles are powered by internal combustion engines, while others are powered by hybrid or electric systems.

Functional benefits

Consumers purchase Volvo vehicles to move from point A to point B. They also purchase Volvos for their reliability and safety.

As we noted in the previous section, the company was a pioneer in airbag and seatbelt introduction.

It was also one of the first to introduce laminated windscreens and various features to protect children against serious injury in an accident.

Emotional benefits

For many decades Volvo focused on safety above all, which invoked consumer emotions such as comfort, reassurance, contentment, and satisfaction.

In recent years, the company has endeavored to tell emotional stories that encourage consumers to think about the role their Volvo plays in everyday life rather than each model’s specific features.

In one such story that was used to promote the new XC60 SUV, a mother drives her daughter to the important first day of school and assures her that there is nothing to fear and that everything will be fine.

Brand persona/core values

According to the Volvo Group’s website, the company lists the core values of customer success, passion, change, performance, and trust.

Each guides day-to-day behavior and decision-making.

Brand essence

Volvo’s brand essence is still very much associated with safety.

However, modern standards now mean that vehicles from all major brands are just as safe as Volvo’s vehicles.

This means a brand essence based on safety is less of a differentiator than it once was.

In 2021, Volvo drew on its long research and development history to reposition itself as a nimble leader in tech and design.

Whether this move will change the company’s brand essence among consumers remains to be seen.

Key takeaways

  • Brand pyramids help businesses define the very essence of their brands by way of visual representation.
  • Brand pyramids are divided into five tiers that a business must move through to reach the top: features and attributes, functional benefits, emotional benefits, brand persona/core values, and finally, brand essence.
  • Brand pyramids provide a systematic means of clarifying brand essence, which determines the emotions consumers associate with a brand. These pyramids also guide marketing strategy and business operations.

Key Highlights:

  • Brand Pyramid Overview: A brand pyramid is a framework that helps define a brand’s essence and market positioning. It is particularly useful for new brands entering a market. The pyramid moves from features and attributes to functional and emotional benefits, brand persona/core values, and brand essence.
  • Purpose of Brand Pyramids:
    • Brand pyramids clarify a brand’s emotional essence and perception in the market.
    • The process of creating a brand pyramid is an internal one that defines a business’s values and desired perception.
  • Creating a Brand Pyramid:
    • A brand pyramid is represented as a triangle divided into five tiers, moving from the base to the apex.
    • Each tier represents a different aspect of the brand’s positioning and perception.
  • Tiers of the Brand Pyramid:
    • Features and Attributes: Describes the basic purpose and characteristics of the product or service.
    • Functional Benefits: Explores the problems the product/service aims to solve and the outcomes it provides.
    • Emotional Benefits: Identifies the emotions consumers associate with the product/service.
    • Brand Persona/Core Values: Defines the brand persona and the values it represents.
    • Brand Essence: The core characteristic of the brand that elicits an emotional response in consumers.
  • Brand Pyramid Examples:
    • Coca-Cola Company:
      • Features and attributes: Various packaging options, distinctive red and white label, unique taste.
      • Functional benefits: Quenching thirst, widespread availability, affordability.
      • Emotional benefits: Joy, nostalgia, relaxation, self-expression through customizable cans.
      • Brand persona/core values: Excitement, sincerity, cheerfulness, family-orientation.
      • Brand essence: Associated with happiness, fond memories, zest for life.
    • Volvo:
      • Features and attributes: Offers cars, trucks, and buses with various power systems.
      • Functional benefits: Reliable transportation, safety features like airbags and seatbelts.
      • Emotional benefits: Comfort, reassurance, contentment, safety.
      • Brand persona/core values: Customer success, passion, change, performance, trust.
      • Brand essence: Historically safety-oriented, shifting towards tech and design leadership.
  • Key Takeaways:
    • Brand pyramids help define a brand’s essence and positioning through a structured process.
    • The pyramid guides the progression from attributes to core values and essence.
    • Brand pyramids provide a systematic way to clarify brand identity and guide marketing strategies.

Visual Marketing Glossary

Account-Based Marketing

account-based-marketing
Account-based marketing (ABM) is a strategy where the marketing and sales departments come together to create personalized buying experiences for high-value accounts. Account-based marketing is a business-to-business (B2B) approach in which marketing and sales teams work together to target high-value accounts and turn them into customers.

Ad-Ops

ad-ops
Ad Ops – also known as Digital Ad Operations – refers to systems and processes that support digital advertisements’ delivery and management. The concept describes any process that helps a marketing team manage, run, or optimize ad campaigns, making them an integrating part of the business operations.

AARRR Funnel

pirate-metrics
Venture capitalist, Dave McClure, coined the acronym AARRR which is a simplified model that enables to understand what metrics and channels to look at, at each stage for the users’ path toward becoming customers and referrers of a brand.

Affinity Marketing

affinity-marketing
Affinity marketing involves a partnership between two or more businesses to sell more products. Note that this is a mutually beneficial arrangement where one brand can extend its reach and enhance its credibility in association with the other.

Ambush Marketing

ambush-marketing
As the name suggests, ambush marketing raises awareness for brands at events in a covert and unexpected fashion. Ambush marketing takes many forms, one common element, the brand advertising their products or services has not paid for the right to do so. Thus, the business doing the ambushing attempts to capitalize on the efforts made by the business sponsoring the event.

Affiliate Marketing

affiliate-marketing
Affiliate marketing describes the process whereby an affiliate earns a commission for selling the products of another person or company. Here, the affiliate is simply an individual who is motivated to promote a particular product through incentivization. The business whose product is being promoted will gain in terms of sales and marketing from affiliates.

Bullseye Framework

bullseye-framework
The bullseye framework is a simple method that enables you to prioritize the marketing channels that will make your company gain traction. The main logic of the bullseye framework is to find the marketing channels that work and prioritize them.

Brand Building

brand-building
Brand building is the set of activities that help companies to build an identity that can be recognized by its audience. Thus, it works as a mechanism of identification through core values that signal trust and that help build long-term relationships between the brand and its key stakeholders.

Brand Dilution

brand-dilution
According to inbound marketing platform HubSpot, brand dilution occurs “when a company’s brand equity diminishes due to an unsuccessful brand extension, which is a new product the company develops in an industry that they don’t have any market share in.” Brand dilution, therefore, occurs when a brand decreases in value after the company releases a product that does not align with its vision, mission, or skillset. 

Brand Essence Wheel

brand-essence-wheel
The brand essence wheel is a templated approach businesses can use to better understand their brand. The brand essence wheel has obvious implications for external brand strategy. However, it is equally important in simplifying brand strategy for employees without a strong marketing background. Although many variations of the brand essence wheel exist, a comprehensive wheel incorporates information from five categories: attributes, benefits, values, personality, brand essence.

Brand Equity

what-is-brand-equity
The brand equity is the premium that a customer is willing to pay for a product that has all the objective characteristics of existing alternatives, thus, making it different in terms of perception. The premium on seemingly equal products and quality is attributable to its brand equity.

Brand Positioning

brand-positioning
Brand positioning is about creating a mental real estate in the mind of the target market. If successful, brand positioning allows a business to gain a competitive advantage. And it also works as a switching cost in favor of the brand. Consumers recognizing a brand might be less prone to switch to another brand.

Business Storytelling

business-storytelling
Business storytelling is a critical part of developing a business model. Indeed, the way you frame the story of your organization will influence its brand in the long-term. That’s because your brand story is tied to your brand identity, and it enables people to identify with a company.

Content Marketing

content-marketing
Content marketing is one of the most powerful commercial activities which focuses on leveraging content production (text, audio, video, or other formats) to attract a targeted audience. Content marketing focuses on building a strong brand, but also to convert part of that targeted audience into potential customers.

Customer Lifetime Value

customer-lifetime-value
One of the first mentions of customer lifetime value was in the 1988 book Database Marketing: Strategy and Implementation written by Robert Shaw and Merlin Stone. Customer lifetime value (CLV) represents the value of a customer to a company over a period of time. It represents a critical business metric, especially for SaaS or recurring revenue-based businesses.

Customer Segmentation

customer-segmentation
Customer segmentation is a marketing method that divides the customers in sub-groups, that share similar characteristics. Thus, product, marketing and engineering teams can center the strategy from go-to-market to product development and communication around each sub-group. Customer segments can be broken down is several ways, such as demographics, geography, psychographics and more.

Developer Marketing

developer-marketing
Developer marketing encompasses tactics designed to grow awareness and adopt software tools, solutions, and SaaS platforms. Developer marketing has become the standard among software companies with a platform component, where developers can build applications on top of the core software or open software. Therefore, engaging developer communities has become a key element of marketing for many digital businesses.

Digital Marketing Channels

digital-marketing-channels
A digital channel is a marketing channel, part of a distribution strategy, helping an organization to reach its potential customers via electronic means. There are several digital marketing channels, usually divided into organic and paid channels. Some organic channels are SEO, SMO, email marketing. And some paid channels comprise SEM, SMM, and display advertising.

Field Marketing

field-marketing
Field marketing is a general term that encompasses face-to-face marketing activities carried out in the field. These activities may include street promotions, conferences, sales, and various forms of experiential marketing. Field marketing, therefore, refers to any marketing activity that is performed in the field.

Funnel Marketing

funnel-marketing
interaction with a brand until they become a paid customer and beyond. Funnel marketing is modeled after the marketing funnel, a concept that tells the company how it should market to consumers based on their position in the funnel itself. The notion of a customer embarking on a journey when interacting with a brand was first proposed by Elias St. Elmo Lewis in 1898. Funnel marketing typically considers three stages of a non-linear marketing funnel. These are top of the funnel (TOFU), middle of the funnel (MOFU), and bottom of the funnel (BOFU). Particular marketing strategies at each stage are adapted to the level of familiarity the consumer has with a brand.

Go-To-Market Strategy

go-to-market-strategy
A go-to-market strategy represents how companies market their new products to reach target customers in a scalable and repeatable way. It starts with how new products/services get developed to how these organizations target potential customers (via sales and marketing models) to enable their value proposition to be delivered to create a competitive advantage.

Greenwashing

greenwashing
The term “greenwashing” was first coined by environmentalist Jay Westerveld in 1986 at a time when most consumers received their news from television, radio, and print media. Some companies took advantage of limited public access to information by portraying themselves as environmental stewards – even when their actions proved otherwise. Greenwashing is a deceptive marketing practice where a company makes unsubstantiated claims about an environmentally-friendly product or service.

Grassroots Marketing

grassroots-marketing
Grassroots marketing involves a brand creating highly targeted content for a particular niche or audience. When an organization engages in grassroots marketing, it focuses on a small group of people with the hope that its marketing message is shared with a progressively larger audience.

Growth Marketing

growth-marketing
Growth marketing is a process of rapid experimentation, which in a way has to be “scientific” by keeping in mind that it is used by startups to grow, quickly. Thus, the “scientific” here is not meant in the academic sense. Growth marketing is expected to unlock growth, quickly and with an often limited budget.

Guerrilla Marketing

guerrilla-marketing
Guerrilla marketing is an advertising strategy that seeks to utilize low-cost and sometimes unconventional tactics that are high impact. First coined by Jay Conrad Levinson in his 1984 book of the same title, guerrilla marketing works best on existing customers who are familiar with a brand or product and its particular characteristics.

Hunger Marketing

hunger-marketing
Hunger marketing is a marketing strategy focused on manipulating consumer emotions. By bringing products to market with an attractive price point and restricted supply, consumers have a stronger desire to make a purchase.

Integrated Communication

integrated-marketing-communication
Integrated marketing communication (IMC) is an approach used by businesses to coordinate and brand their communication strategies. Integrated marketing communication takes separate marketing functions and combines them into one, interconnected approach with a core brand message that is consistent across various channels. These encompass owned, earned, and paid media. Integrated marketing communication has been used to great effect by companies such as Snapchat, Snickers, and Domino’s.

Inbound Marketing

inbound-marketing
Inbound marketing is a marketing strategy designed to attract customers to a brand with content and experiences that they derive value from. Inbound marketing utilizes blogs, events, SEO, and social media to create brand awareness and attract targeted consumers. By attracting or “drawing in” a targeted audience, inbound marketing differs from outbound marketing which actively pushes a brand onto consumers who may have no interest in what is being offered.

Integrated Marketing

integrated-marketing
Integrated marketing describes the process of delivering consistent and relevant content to a target audience across all marketing channels. It is a cohesive, unified, and immersive marketing strategy that is cost-effective and relies on brand identity and storytelling to amplify the brand to a wider and wider audience.

Marketing Mix

marketing-mix
The marketing mix is a term to describe the multi-faceted approach to a complete and effective marketing plan. Traditionally, this plan included the four Ps of marketing: price, product, promotion, and place. But the exact makeup of a marketing mix has undergone various changes in response to new technologies and ways of thinking. Additions to the four Ps include physical evidence, people, process, and even politics.

Marketing Myopia

marketing-myopia
Marketing myopia is the nearsighted focus on selling goods and services at the expense of consumer needs. Marketing myopia was coined by Harvard Business School professor Theodore Levitt in 1960. Originally, Levitt described the concept in the context of organizations in high-growth industries that become complacent in their belief that such industries never fail.

Marketing Personas

marketing-personas
Marketing personas give businesses a general overview of key segments of their target audience and how these segments interact with their brand. Marketing personas are based on the data of an ideal, fictional customer whose characteristics, needs, and motivations are representative of a broader market segment.

Meme Marketing

meme-marketing
Meme marketing is any marketing strategy that uses memes to promote a brand. The term “meme” itself was popularized by author Richard Dawkins over 50 years later in his 1976 book The Selfish Gene. In the book, Dawkins described how ideas evolved and were shared across different cultures. The internet has enabled this exchange to occur at an exponential rate, with the first modern memes emerging in the late 1990s and early 2000s.

Microtargeting

microtargeting
Microtargeting is a marketing strategy that utilizes consumer demographic data to identify the interests of a very specific group of individuals. Like most marketing strategies, the goal of microtargeting is to positively influence consumer behavior.

Multi-Channel Marketing

multichannel-marketing
Multichannel marketing executes a marketing strategy across multiple platforms to reach as many consumers as possible. Here, a platform may refer to product packaging, word-of-mouth advertising, mobile apps, email, websites, or promotional events, and all the other channels that can help amplify the brand to reach as many consumers as possible.

Multi-Level Marketing

multilevel-marketing
Multi-level marketing (MLM), otherwise known as network or referral marketing, is a strategy in which businesses sell their products through person-to-person sales. When consumers join MLM programs, they act as distributors. Distributors make money by selling the product directly to other consumers. They earn a small percentage of sales from those that they recruit to do the same – often referred to as their “downline”.

Net Promoter Score

net-promoter-score
The Net Promoter Score (NPS) is a measure of the ability of a product or service to attract word-of-mouth advertising. NPS is a crucial part of any marketing strategy since attracting and then retaining customers means they are more likely to recommend a business to others.

Neuromarketing

neuromarketing
Neuromarketing information is collected by measuring brain activity related to specific brain functions using sophisticated and expensive technology such as MRI machines. Some businesses also choose to make inferences of neurological responses by analyzing biometric and heart-rate data. Neuromarketing is the domain of large companies with similarly large budgets or subsidies. These include Frito-Lay, Google, and The Weather Channel.

Newsjacking

newsjacking
Newsjacking as a marketing strategy was popularised by David Meerman Scott in his book Newsjacking: How to Inject Your Ideas into a Breaking News Story and Generate Tons of Media Coverage. Newsjacking describes the practice of aligning a brand with a current event to generate media attention and increase brand exposure.

Niche Marketing

microniche
A microniche is a subset of potential customers within a niche. In the era of dominating digital super-platforms, identifying a microniche can kick off the strategy of digital businesses to prevent competition against large platforms. As the microniche becomes a niche, then a market, scale becomes an option.

Push vs. Pull Marketing

push-vs-pull-marketing
We can define pull and push marketing from the perspective of the target audience or customers. In push marketing, as the name suggests, you’re promoting a product so that consumers can see it. In a pull strategy, consumers might look for your product or service drawn by its brand.

Real-Time Marketing

real-time-marketing
Real-time marketing is as exactly as it sounds. It involves in-the-moment marketing to customers across any channel based on how that customer is interacting with the brand.

Relationship Marketing

relationship-marketing
Relationship marketing involves businesses and their brands forming long-term relationships with customers. The focus of relationship marketing is to increase customer loyalty and engagement through high-quality products and services. It differs from short-term processes focused solely on customer acquisition and individual sales.

Reverse Marketing

reverse-marketing
Reverse marketing describes any marketing strategy that encourages consumers to seek out a product or company on their own. This approach differs from a traditional marketing strategy where marketers seek out the consumer.

Remarketing

remarketing
Remarketing involves the creation of personalized and targeted ads for consumers who have already visited a company’s website. The process works in this way: as users visit a brand’s website, they are tagged with cookies that follow the users, and as they land on advertising platforms where retargeting is an option (like social media platforms) they get served ads based on their navigation.

Sensory Marketing

sensory-marketing
Sensory marketing describes any marketing campaign designed to appeal to the five human senses of touch, taste, smell, sight, and sound. Technologies such as artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and the Internet of Things (IoT) are enabling marketers to design fun, interactive, and immersive sensory marketing brand experiences. Long term, businesses must develop sensory marketing campaigns that are relevant and effective in eCommerce.

Services Marketing

services-marketing
Services marketing originated as a separate field of study during the 1980s. Researchers realized that the unique characteristics of services required different marketing strategies to those used in the promotion of physical goods. Services marketing is a specialized branch of marketing that promotes the intangible benefits delivered by a company to create customer value.

Sustainable Marketing

sustainable-marketing-green-marketing
Sustainable marketing describes how a business will invest in social and environmental initiatives as part of its marketing strategy. Also known as green marketing, it is often used to counteract public criticism around wastage, misleading advertising, and poor quality or unsafe products.

Word-of-Mouth Marketing

word-of-mouth-marketing
Word-of-mouth marketing is a marketing strategy skewed toward offering a great experience to existing customers and incentivizing them to share it with other potential customers. That is one of the most effective forms of marketing as it enables a company to gain traction based on existing customers’ referrals. When repeat customers become a key enabler for the brand this is one of the best organic and sustainable growth marketing strategies.

360 Marketing

360-marketing
360 marketing is a marketing campaign that utilizes all available mediums, channels, and consumer touchpoints. 360 marketing requires the business to maintain a consistent presence across multiple online and offline channels. This ensures it does not miss potentially lucrative customer segments. By its very nature, 360 marketing describes any number of different marketing strategies. However, a broad and holistic marketing strategy should incorporate a website, SEO, PPC, email marketing, social media, public relations, in-store relations, and traditional forms of advertising such as television.

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