How Does A Reverse Stock Split Work?

Reverse stock splits happen when a listed company reduces the proportion of shares shareholders own by a fixed amount, causing the company’s share value to rise proportionally. A corporation might announce a reverse stock split to boost the current value of its stocks. Or, if it considers the market price has dropped to encourage investors to acquire shares, it will perform a reverse stock split.

Understanding reverse stock split

Another reason that companies perform reverse stock splits is to recover conformity with the lowest listing price criteria of a market where stocks are dealt with. 

Reverse stock splits can be beneficial or detrimental to shareholders based on the situation and what follows.

Assume your company has consistently improved revenues and now reveals intentions for an additional investment round through fresh share issuance.

This might signal something negative about their return potential.

A common belief is that if a business completes a reverse stock split, they are in trouble.

However, suppose a corporation combines the reverse stock split with major adjustments that enhance trade, future profitability, and other details related to shareholders.

In that case, the premium price may persist and grow higher. In this case, a reverse stock split can be a triumph for the corporation and its stockholders.

Reasons Why Companies Execute Reverse Stock Splits

A stock split may be implemented for a wide range of reasons, including:

Attracting Potential Investors 

The goal of a reverse stock split is to allow numerous investment firms and index funds with limitations on owning stakes in stock when prices are below a certain threshold to invest in the firm.

To meet this criterion, these corporations conduct a reverse stock split.

Although a company is not in danger of being blocked by the marketplace, its image and financial stability deteriorate if large investors cannot acquire it.

Meeting the Required Share Price

Many financial markets have stringent filing criteria for minimal stock value and outstanding shares.

Businesses declare reverse stock splits when their stock price exceeds particular delisting levels to avoid a negative impact on their reputation and a damaging effect on shareholders’ confidence.

Increasing the Value of a Spinoff 

Reverse splits can also be employed to boost the value of a spinoff, which is a distinct corporation established via the selling or issuance of additional shares of a current company or branch of a holding company.

For example, it may be difficult for a business planning and analyzing a spinoff to value the spinoff company’s stocks at a greater level if its shares are trading at lower prices.

This difficulty can be rectified by the reverse split of the shares and raising the number of stock exchanges. 

Key Takeaways

  • When a reverse stock split occurs, a shareholder is left with the choice of cooperating or opposing it.
  • Nevertheless, because this action by a company is mainly an accounting technique, you ought not to be worried if the holdings are in a good company you trust. There is no financial compensation or damage from reverse stock splits.
  • However, they are generally regarded critically since they indicate that a firm’s share price has plummeted dramatically, potentially putting it at risk of delisting.

Connected Business Concepts


Double-entry accounting is the foundation of modern financial accounting. It’s based on the accounting equation, where assets equal liabilities plus equity. That is the fundamental unit to build financial statements (balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement). The basic concept of double-entry is that a single transaction, to be recorded, will hit two accounts.

Balance Sheet

The purpose of the balance sheet is to report how the resources to run the operations of the business were acquired. The Balance Sheet helps to assess the financial risk of a business and the simplest way to describe it is given by the accounting equation (assets = liability + equity).

Income Statement

The income statement, together with the balance sheet and the cash flow statement is among the key financial statements to understand how companies perform at fundamental level. The income statement shows the revenues and costs for a period and whether the company runs at profit or loss (also called P&L statement).

Cash Flow Statement

The cash flow statement is the third main financial statement, together with income statement and the balance sheet. It helps to assess the liquidity of an organization by showing the cash balances coming from operations, investing and financing. The cash flow statement can be prepared with two separate methods: direct or indirect.

Capital Structure

The capital structure shows how an organization financed its operations. Following the balance sheet structure, usually, assets of an organization can be built either by using equity or liability. Equity usually comprises endowment from shareholders and profit reserves. Where instead, liabilities can comprise either current (short-term debt) or non-current (long-term obligations).

Capital Expenditure

Capital expenditure or capital expense represents the money spent toward things that can be classified as fixed asset, with a longer term value. As such they will be recorded under non-current assets, on the balance sheet, and they will be amortized over the years. The reduced value on the balance sheet is expensed through the profit and loss.

Financial Statements

Financial statements help companies assess several aspects of the business, from profitability (income statement) to how assets are sourced (balance sheet), and cash inflows and outflows (cash flow statement). Financial statements are also mandatory to companies for tax purposes. They are also used by managers to assess the performance of the business.

Read next:

How To Read A Balance Sheet Like An Expert

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