The MVC framework is a predictable software design pattern separated into three main components and suitable for many programming languages. The goal of the MVC framework is to help structure the code-base and separate application concerns into three components: View, Model, and Controller.
Understanding the MVC framework
The MVC framework was developed in response to the changing nature of web development.
From humble beginnings in desktop graphical user interfaces, the framework has become popular in web and mobile app development. The MVC framework can support high user interaction and real-time server communication with maintainable and testable code.
The three components of the MVC framework
The goal of the MVC framework is to help structure the code-base and separate application concerns into three components:
- View – or the presentation of data collected from model data in the form of charts, tables, or diagrams. This includes any customer view of the user interface and its components such as drop-down menus or text boxes.
- Model – or data used by a program. This is often in the form of a database but can also represent an object, icon, or video game character.
- Controller – the part of the application handling user interaction in the form of mouse and keyboard inputs. The controller accepts inputs from views and models to provide a corresponding update. A controller can update the model of a video game character by changing an attribute such as endurance. The view is then updated to reflect the change in the endurance attribute during gameplay.
When should the MVC framework be used?
If a business wants to build an application with a focus on the server-side, then the MVC framework is probably unsuitable.
Nevertheless, certain criteria can help developers determine whether the framework is suited to their project.
These criteria encompass applications that:
- Require an asynchronous connection to the backend.
- Shouldn’t require full page reload functionality, such as adding post comments or infinite scrolling.
- Render the same data in different ways.
- Contain numerous trivial interactions that modify data, such as switches or buttons.
- View or manipulate data within the browser itself, and not on the server.
As a reference point, consider that many popular web applications such as Google Docs, Gmail, and Spotify fulfill all the above criteria.
- The MVC framework is a software design pattern incorporating three core components: view, model, and controller. Each component handles a specific development aspect of an application.
- To determine whether the MVC framework is suitable for their build, businesses can consult a list of criteria common to popular web applications such as Google Docs and Spotify.
Connected Business Concepts & Frameworks
- Business Models
- Business Strategy
- Business Development
- Distribution Channels
- Marketing Strategy
- Platform Business Models
- Network Effects
Main Case Studies: