Earnings reports are made up of three main categories: the income statement, the cash flow statement, and the balance sheet. When you put these three statements together, you will gain insight into the company’s net income, expenses, sales, and, most importantly, earnings per share (EPS).
Understanding earnings reports
Whether you are a beginner investor or you’ve been trading in the stock market for years, it can be helpful to know what earnings reports are and how you can access them.
Accessing a company’s quarterly earnings report can help you make informed decisions about buying, selling, or holding your shares.
This article will introduce you to earning reports and teach you how to access them.
All public companies are required to release their earnings reports every quarter.
This allows shareholders and future investors to obtain an exclusive look into their business and make decisions accordingly.
This is a mandatory step that companies must participate in to be listed on the stock exchange.
When Do Companies Release Earnings Reports?
After a quarter ends, a company has a total of 45 days to release its earnings reports. This period is known as earnings season.
Although companies can submit their reports at any time after the quarter ends, it typically takes a few weeks for earnings season to begin.
Here are the corresponding dates for each of the four quarters:
- Q1 ends on March 31st. Companies have until mid-May to release first-quarter earnings reports.
- Q2 ends on June 30th. Companies have until mid-August to release second-quarter earnings reports.
- Q3 ends on September 30th. Companies have until mid-November to release third-quarter earnings reports.
- Q4 ends on December 31st. Companies have until mid-February to release fourth-quarter earnings reports.
If you are curious about when a specific company is scheduled to report its quarterly results, you can head to an earnings calendar.
These can be found on plenty of investment sites, such as Nasdaq.
How To Access a Company’s Earnings Report
Accessing a company’s earnings reports is actually quite simple.
All you need to do is head over to the Securities and Exchange Commission’s website, SEC.gov. Here, you will find the SEC’s EDGAR search tool.
This tool allows you to search for financial reports from all publicly traded companies. All you need to do is type the company name into the search bar.
The SEC provides the public with the most complete and authoritative resource for all earnings reports. This resource has more than just quarterly earnings reports.
You can also access a company’s annual, 10-Q, and 10-K reports. If you want to do some research on a company before you decide whether or not it is a wise investment for you, this is where you can find all the information you need to know.
As you can see, earnings reports are easy to access and give you vital information about where to invest your money.
By researching and looking into a company’s earnings reports before you decide whether to buy, sell, or hold, you can analyze how the business models of the companies you’re primarily interested in work!
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