Oracle is a behemoth software company founded in 1977 by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates. The company followed the on-premise software model but mostly successfully transitioned to the cloud model. In fact, by 2022, cloud services represented most of its revenues. Indeed its lineup of software products comprises MySQL, Java, Middleware, Oracle Linux, and many others.
|Business Model Element||Analysis||Implications||Examples|
|Value Proposition||Oracle’s value proposition centers on providing comprehensive and integrated cloud-based software and hardware solutions to businesses. It offers scalable and customizable products that help organizations manage their data, optimize business processes, and achieve digital transformation.||Offers advanced technology solutions that enhance business efficiency, productivity, and competitiveness. Provides flexibility and scalability for tailored solutions. Attracts enterprises seeking digital transformation.||– Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) offers cloud services, including computing, storage, and networking, to organizations seeking scalable and secure cloud solutions. – Oracle Database provides database management software to enterprises for data storage and retrieval.|
|Customer Segments||Oracle serves a wide range of customer segments, including enterprises, governments, and organizations across various industries such as finance, healthcare, retail, and manufacturing. Its solutions cater to both small and large businesses, including Fortune 500 companies.||Addresses the diverse needs of enterprises across industries. Offers solutions suitable for organizations of different sizes. Attracts a global and varied customer base.||– Oracle provides cloud solutions to financial institutions for secure data storage and analytics. – Large retail chains use Oracle Retail solutions for inventory management and customer engagement.|
|Distribution Strategy||Oracle distributes its products through a combination of direct sales, partnerships, resellers, and a strong online presence. The company also offers cloud-based solutions accessible via the Oracle Cloud platform.||Ensures broad accessibility to its products and services. Leverages a network of partners and resellers for extended reach. Provides cloud solutions for easy online access.||– Oracle collaborates with system integrators to implement and support its solutions for customers. – Customers can access Oracle Cloud services through the Oracle Cloud platform’s online portal.|
|Revenue Streams||Oracle generates revenue from various sources, including software licensing, subscription-based cloud services, hardware sales, consulting, and support services. Its cloud offerings provide recurring revenue, while hardware sales and services contribute to one-time revenue.||Diversifies income streams through software licensing, cloud subscriptions, hardware sales, and services. Recurring revenue from cloud services provides stability. Attracts customers seeking comprehensive solutions.||– Oracle generates revenue from the subscription fees paid by organizations for using Oracle Cloud services. – Sales of Oracle Database licenses to enterprises result in one-time revenue.|
|Marketing Strategy||Oracle’s marketing strategy involves targeted advertising, industry-specific campaigns, partnerships with technology leaders, and participation in industry events and conferences. It highlights its innovation, expertise, and customer success stories to attract businesses.||Utilizes industry-specific marketing to resonate with target audiences. Partners with technology leaders for credibility. Showcases customer success to build trust. Engages with customers at industry events.||– Oracle promotes its cloud solutions to healthcare providers, highlighting data security and compliance. – Participation in tech conferences and partnerships with industry leaders enhance Oracle’s visibility.|
|Organization Structure||Oracle operates as a global corporation with various divisions and business units, including Oracle Cloud, Oracle Applications, and Oracle Database. It has a decentralized organizational structure with a focus on product development, sales, and customer support.||Operates with a decentralized structure to focus on specific product areas. Employs a global workforce to cater to diverse markets. Emphasizes innovation in product development and maintains a strong sales force.||– Oracle Cloud division focuses on cloud solutions, while Oracle Applications offers business applications like ERP and HCM. – Sales teams across regions target specific customer segments, such as enterprises or government agencies.|
|Competitive Advantage||Oracle’s competitive advantage lies in its extensive portfolio of cloud-based solutions, database management, and enterprise software. It boasts a large customer base, global presence, strong partnerships, and a commitment to research and development.||Offers a wide range of technology solutions under one roof. Attracts businesses with its established reputation and industry partnerships. Invests in innovation and research to stay competitive in the rapidly evolving tech landscape.||– Oracle’s partnership with major cloud providers like Microsoft Azure strengthens its cloud offerings. – Ongoing R&D efforts result in advanced database technologies that maintain Oracle’s leadership.|
Oracle is a multinational computer technology corporation founded in 1977 by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates.
Originally known as Software Development Laboratories (SDL), Ellison, in particular, became inspired by a 1970 paper written by Edgar F. Codd on database management systems.
Thirteen years later, SDL became Oracle Systems Corporation – a name aligned with the flagship Oracle Database product.
Oracle had early success using the C programming language to implement its products.
Its products and services were expanded following the successful acquisitions of PeopleSoft, NetSuite, and BEA Systems.
Today Larry Ellison is worth over $100 billion, thanks to his stake in Oracle.
Glance At The Oracle Business Model
As the company highlights in its financials:
Oracle provides products and services that address enterprise information technology (IT) environments. Our products and services include applications and infrastructure offerings that are delivered worldwide through a variety of flexible and interoperable IT deployment models. These models include on‑premise deployments, cloud‑based deployments, and hybrid deployments (an approach that combines both on-premise and cloud‑based deployment) such as our Oracle Cloud at Customer offering (an instance of Oracle Cloud in a customer’s own data center). Accordingly, we offer choice and flexibility to our customers and facilitate the product, service and deployment combinations that best suit our customers’ needs. Through our worldwide sales force and Oracle Partner Network, we sell to customers all over the world including businesses of many sizes, government agencies, educational institutions and resellers.
Oracle’s three primary lines of business comprise:
- Cloud and license: representing 83% of the company’s total revenues for 2020. This operating segment sells and delivers a broad spectrum of applications and infrastructure technologies through our cloud and license offerings.
- Hardware: it represented 9% of the company’s revenue in 2020 and it provides a broad selection of hardware products including Oracle Engineered System.
- And services: which represented 8% of the company’s revenue in 2020, primarily focused on helping customers and partners to use at the best the suite of Oracle products.
Oracle revenue generation
Oracle makes money by designing, manufacturing, and selling hardware and software products.
More specifically, revenue comes from software subscriptions, license, hardware, and service fees.
Through its numerous acquisitions, it also offers extensive complimentary services in consulting, hosting, financing, and training.
Ultimately, Oracle sells enterprise-level technology to large enterprises.
Let’s take a look at some of the major products and services.
Oracle Cloud Infrastructure
Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI) delivers high-performance, on-premise computing power for cloud-native and enterprise IT workloads. Some of the more notable organizations utilizing OCI are Zoom, 7-Eleven, and FedEx.
Central to the Oracle software offering is their flagship product Oracle Database 19c.
This gives organizations cost-efficient access to the industry’s most reliable, scalable, and secure database technology.
Other on-premise products include:
- Middleware – a cloud platform for digital businesses.
- Oracle Linux – guiding leveraging Linux OS to deploy enterprise applications more rapidly.
- Engineered Systems – designed to integrate, test, and optimize software and hardware products.
- GraalVM – enabling interoperability between programming languages in a shared runtime.
- Analytics Server – for detailed customer analytics.
- Oracle Autonomous Database – a product allowing enterprises to reduce operating costs by 90% through an automated, machine learning database for full lifecycle management.
Prices are available by contacting an Oracle expert.
Oracle Hardware is a suite of scalable and engineered systems, storage, and servers. This hardware delivers many benefits to enterprises, including lower costs, better cloud integration, optimized performance, and more robust data.
Again, prices are available upon request. Current Oracle Hardware customers include Toyo, Halliburton, and Exelon.
- Oracle is a multinational computer technology company for large enterprises. Co-founder Larry Ellison was inspired to create Oracle after reading a paper on database management systems.
- Oracle makes money by selling an extensive range of products and services to large enterprises. Acquisitions of related organizations also enable it to sell complementary services in hosting, training, and consulting.
- Oracle is best known for selling its database management system. It also sells cloud infrastructure and scalable systems, storage, and server hardware.
- Origin and Evolution: Oracle was founded in 1977 by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner, and Ed Oates as Software Development Laboratories (SDL), which later became Oracle Systems Corporation. The company was inspired by Edgar F. Codd’s paper on database management systems. Over the years, Oracle expanded its product lineup through acquisitions of companies like PeopleSoft, NetSuite, and BEA Systems.
- Business Model: Oracle offers products and services addressing enterprise IT environments through various deployment models, including on-premise, cloud-based, and hybrid deployments. Its primary lines of business include cloud and licenses, hardware, and services.
- Revenue Generation: In 2022, Oracle generated significant revenue from cloud services (over 70%), followed by cloud and on-premise licenses, hardware, and services. The company’s revenue comes from software subscriptions, licenses, hardware sales, and service fees.
- Products and Services: Oracle offers a range of products and services, including:
- Oracle Cloud Infrastructure (OCI): High-performance cloud computing for enterprise workloads.
- Software: Flagship products like Oracle Database 19c, MySQL, Java, Middleware, Oracle Linux, and more.
- Hardware: Scalable and engineered systems, storage, and servers for enterprises.
- Larry Ellison’s Wealth: Co-founder Larry Ellison’s primary wealth comes from his ownership stake in Oracle, making him one of the wealthiest individuals globally.
- Revenue Breakdown: Oracle’s revenue is distributed among cloud and licenses, hardware, and services. Cloud and licenses constitute the majority of the revenue, with cloud services playing a significant role.
- Oracle Cloud Infrastructure: OCI offers high-performance computing for both cloud-native and enterprise IT workloads. Organizations like Zoom, 7-Eleven, and FedEx use OCI.
- Software Offerings: Oracle’s flagship product is Oracle Database 19c. The company also offers MySQL, Java, Middleware, Oracle Linux, Engineered Systems, GraalVM, Analytics Server, and Oracle Autonomous Database.
- Hardware Solutions: Oracle Hardware includes scalable and engineered systems, storage, and servers, providing enterprises with benefits such as cost savings, improved cloud integration, and optimized performance.